Seminar: Economics of Conflict and Conflict Resolution
| Tentative Syllabus | Summer 2017 | Page updated: 8 July 2017 |
| Faculty of Economics | EBA Program | Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand |

Course ID: 2952418 - Seminar: Economics of Conflict and Conflict Resolution: Countries have internal factions of interest groups to deal with. Potential revolts and uprisings can arise. Rebel groups threaten countries, as do terror organizations. Mass atrocities and genocides occur. In addition, competition and cooperation with neighboring countries occupy leaders' time. Military alliances may need to be built and maintained. In the midst of these challenges, an economy has to be run, a population's well-being to be increased, and the natural environment to be protected. In a word, there is a lot of conflict potential that needs to be managed, or actual conflict resolved. This seminar is structured as a journey of intellectual discovery. Starting with a "blank slate," students find, read, and discuss relevant scholarly articles, books, and book chapters to gradually build up a "mind map" (Table of Contents) that lays out the field of conflict economics - conceptually, theoretically, and empirically.

Seminar time/rooms: Tu & Th 1-4pm (Mahit 711); F 1-4pm (Econ Bldg Rm 409/411)
Seminar size: The class size is limited to 20 students. There will be 10 students from 1-2:15pm and 10 students from 2:30-3:45pm.
Office room/hours: Mahit 310/1.1 (Tu, Th 4-5pm) | Email: ajarn [dot] jurgen [at] gmail [dot] com.

Academic honesty, class attendance, and expected classroom behavior: Please refer to the relevant university policies. Academic dishonesty is not tolerated and results in expulsion from class, a failing grade, and reporting to the university authorities. This includes cheating, ghostwriting, plagiarism, or other forms of dishonesty on the exams or any other assigned work. Classroom behavior that permits unimpeded exchange of academically relevant ideas and views is expected. Turn off cell phones or other electronic devices and put them out of sight. I have only one rule: You cannot come late, you cannot leave early, and for the duration of class you must be 100% alert. I expect students' personal conduct to be courteous, professional, and business-like at all times.

Assignments and grading:
There is only one final, graded assignment. It is due on Thursday, 20 July, at 1pm (sharp!) when you must hand in, in person, a printed copy of your final 6,000 to 8,000-words-long research paper. (Also please email your professor a PDF copy of your paper.) This paper is worth 50% of your course grade and is "the journal of your journey". Each class day I will collect 3 updates at random. Your draft paper therefore should grow with each class day. It should reflect additions, deletions, rethinking, and rewriting. It should show one or more constantly growing and constantly rearranged mind maps in regard to conflict economics. I will explain this in more detail in class.

The other 50% of the grade comes from class attendance, presentations, and critical thinking-oriented participation, 30 percentage points of which are based on two peer evaluations (15% each) of your contributions to the seminar (one at midterm, one at the final exam time period), with the other 20 percentage points coming from my evaluation of your contributions. "Class attendance and participation" means never to be late to class, never to leave early, never to play with your cell phone or other electronic devices, never to let your class mates down; it means to volunteer with eagerness to make class presentations, to share findings and information, to summarize the readings, and to think and rethink how the readings "hang together" so that the mind map(s) of conflict economics can be build. [Copy of the Peer Evaluation Form here].

Grading scale: 90% = A; 85%+ = B+; 80% = B; 75%+ = C+; 70% = C; 65%+ = D+; 60% = D; <60% = F.
[Grades here]

Readings/notes: A username and password for the readings and notes will be provided in class. These materials are copyright protected. As a courtesy to you, you may use them for study in this class, but you may not distribute any of the files to anybody else. Please respect copyright law. Please respect the authors' and publishers' work.

Tentative class schedule and syllabus: See details below. Always check to see if there are updated a/o new materials posted.

Course evaluation: At the conclusion of the course, use your Chula usn/pws to log in to and complete the course evaluation for this seminar course (course code: 2952418).

Special note: No EBA student is excluded from the course. However, your English language skills (including and especially your spoken English) should be (well) above the average for EBA students. The reason for this is that this course revolves around speaking in class.

Tu 6 June 2017 (Mahit 711)

- Overview: The multiple purposes of the course
- Peer evaluation form [here]
- Discussion: Economics and ... (civil) war, (civil and military) defense, conflict, security, and peace
- Readings: Summarize, contextualize, apply, evaluate, compare => Build one or more "mind maps" (a table of contents of concepts, theories, data, empirical findings, discussion, and conclusion)
- Assignment: A two-part final paper (scroll down to see details).

Th 8 June 2017 (Mahit 711)
- Presentation skills list [here]; discussion: how to present a synopsis of a reading
- Read Brauer 2017 in conjunction with your own internet searches on the following terms:
--- war economics; defense economics; military economics; conflict economics; security economics; peace economics
--- Be ready to discuss and debate your readings and findings
- Literature search: To start, check out Chula's resource document [here] and then examine EPSJ; RePEc; NBER; SSRN; HiCN; and EconLit (usn/psd will be made available in class only).
- Data search: To start, here are some dataset source examples: Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Political Instability Task Force (PITF), Center for Systemic Peace (CSP), Global Terrorism Database (GTD), Correlates of War (COW), Global Peace Index and Positive Peace Index (GPI). Pay attention in the empirical articles as to what the data sources are.
- Preliminary determination of areas of special interest (for the second part of the research paper)

Tu 13 June 2017 (Mahit 711)
- Pick special interest area
- to be determined
Th 15 June 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined
Fr 16 June 2017 (Econ 409)

- Bring laptops to have a first look at literature search and to look for/at data

Tu 20 June 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined
Th 22 June 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined

Tu 27 June 2017 (Econ 409)
- Midterm exam period (Peer evaluation form #1; draft paper due)
Th 29 June 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined

Tu 4 July 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined
Th 6 July 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined
Fr 7 July 2017 (Econ 411 )
- to be determined

Th 13 July 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined
Fr 14 July 2017 (Econ 411)
- to be determined

Tu 18 July 2017 (Mahit 711)
- to be determined
Th 20 July 2017 (Econ Bldg Rm 410)
- Final exam period (Peer evaluation form #2; final paper due)

Anderton, C.H. and R. Anderton, 1997
Anderton, C.H. and J. Brauer, 2016 [all chapters]
Anderton, C.H. and J.R. Carter, 2009 [almost all chapters] [spreadsheet for ch. 10 [here])
Becker, G.S. 1968
Besley, T., and H. Mueller, 2012
Ballentine, K., and H. Nitzschke, 2003
Blackwell, C. 2011
Blattman, C. and E. Miguel, 2010
Boulding, K., 1970
Bove, V., 2011
Brauer, J., 2004, 2006, 2007a, 2007b, 2010, 2017
Brauer, J. and R. Caruso, 2013
Brauer, J. and J.P. Dunne, 2011, 2012
Brauer, J. and. D. Fischer, 2004
Brauer, J. and H. van Tuyll, 2008, ch. 8
Brzoska, M., 2004
Brück, T., 2005
Butcher, C.R., C.H. Anderton, and J. Brauer 2017
Caruso, R. and A. Locatelli, 2008 [read along with Blackwell, 2011]
Cerra, V., and S.C. Saxena, 2008
Collier, P., 1999
Creasey, E., A.S. Rahman, and K.A. Smith, 2012
Crost, B., J. Felter, and P. Johnston, 2014
Dube, O., and J.F. Vargas, 2013 [this is a draft from 2008]
Enders, W. and G.A. Hoover, 2012
Enders, W. and T. Sandler, 2006, ch. 4
Graciano, G. del, 2011
Gupta, R., 2012
[IEP] Institute for Economics and Peace (Global Peace Index, 2016)
[IEP] Institute for Economics and Peace (Positive Peace Report, 2015)
Keynes, J.M., 1919
Llussa, F. and J. Tavares, 2007
Murdoch, J. and T. Sandler, 2002
Murshed, M. and P. Verwimp, 2008
Nunn, N. and N. Qian, 2014
Pigou, A.C., 1916
Ploeg, F.v.d., 2011
Poutvaara, P. and A. Wagener, 2007
Rowlands, D, 2015
Salehyan, I. and K. Gleditsch, 2006
Sandler, T., 1999
Sandler, T. and J. George, 2016
Sandler, T. and K. Hartley, 2001
Simon, C.J. and J.T. Warner, 2007
Skaperdas, S., 2011
Smith, R., 2009
Voigtlander, N. and H.-J. Voth, 2013 [or here]
Voors, M.J. et al., 2012
Wennmann, A., 2010, 2016
Williamson, O., 1999
World Bank, World Development Report, 2011
World Bank, World Development Report, 2017

[We will add to this list as we go through the course.]

RESEARCH PAPER [some of the material hereunder is by courtesy of Prof. Charles Anderton]

Purpose: The purpose of the research paper assignment is for you to write about "conflict economics". About half of the main part of the paper should map out the field of conflict economics and the economics of conflict resolution. Think of this as outlining an overall Table of Contents of a book you are planning to write. What would be the various topics in that book that would provide the reader with an overview of the field? The other half should map out a more narrowly defined subfield, e.g., the economics of arms procurement; military manpower economics; economics of counter-terrorism; economics of mass atrocities. Think of this as a Table of Contents of one of the chapters in the larger book. If appropriate, a table or a graph with some relevant and up-to-date numbers can be helpful (e.g, world military spending by continental regions; attacks by domestic versus transnational terror organizations; number of mass atrocities over time). Quote (or paraphrase) and cite. DO NOT PLAGIARIZE (which, in scholarship, is a deadly sin; "deadly," as resulting in a course grade of "F"). The final, complete paper (in print and as an emailed file) is due at the BEGINNING of the final exam.

Paper length and format: Your paper should be typed, double-spaced with 1 inch margins, 12-type font (Times New Roman), no extra spacing between paragraphs. It should be between 6,000 to 8,000 words in length, exclusive of a list of references of at least 20 items, following a proper citation format. (An example of a style sheet to follow is [here].) The paper length requirement is exclusive of title page, figure(s), tables (if any), and list of references. Your paper should be submitted in the following format: title page, text, endnotes (if any), references, figure(s), and tables (if any), and appendices (if any). You must hand in a hard (printed) copy of your paper and you must email me a PDF copy of the paper as well (an emailed-only paper will not be accepted).

Paper structure: Structure your paper approximately as follows:
- 10%: Introduction [overview, context, main thesis, main findings]
- 40%: General "mind map" of conflict economics in general
- 40%: "Mind map" of a more specific subfield within conflict economics
- 10%: Conclusion (note that the conclusion is NOT a summary)

Paper assessment: Your paper will be graded on content (e.g., thorough literature collection; sound analysis) and on how well it is written (e.g., concise statements, logical constructions, no misspellings, no grammatical errors, etc.).

Sample: Mid-term sample [here]; final sample [here]

When writing your paper you may find it useful to ask the following questions:

1. Do the opening paragraphs contain a clear description of what the paper is focusing on and do they contain a clearly stated research question?
2. Does each paragraph have a main point that justifies the paragraph’s presence in the paper?
3. Do the paragraphs follow in a logical order?
4. Does the conclusion follow from the material presented in the paper?
5. Are your arguments supported by examples, graphs, and/or data or are you offering weakly supported opinions?
6. Does your use of economic concepts and models strengthen the paper or is it used just for the sake of including a model?
7. Is the paper marred by misspellings, errors in syntax, poorly chosen words, or excessive quotations?
8. Are references presented in a proper and consistent format?
9. Does the paper show clear insight and careful thought?
10. Has the paper gone through multiple drafts and has the final draft been proofread?

Thank you to Prof. Charles H. Anderton for this set of questions.

Writing resources: The Economist Styleguide | Strunk & White's Elements of Style

(c) Stone Garden Economics